Fishing is dangerous if you do not take sensible precautions. More people die while fishing each year in the UK than in any other mass participation sport. The main reasons are:

drowning - often after wading beyond their skill/knowledge of the river bottom
electrocution – rods are normally made of carbon or graphite and conduct well, acting as a lightning conductor in a thunderstorm, or as a route for overhead electricity lines to short out to ground.

The Esk is particularly difficult to wade as the water is often impossible to see into and the bottom is littered with drop offs and large rocks. Most members find wading unnecessary and that fish are easily scared by movement in the water. 

This means that you should:

• wade only where you are sure you are safe, even if the river level rises fast (and that can happen, even if it is not raining where you are)
• only wade where you are comfortable and sure you can get out of the river safely, bearing in mind it can be impossible to wade back up stream against the current
• take particular care when in, or near, water not to trip, slip or do anything else that might lead to you losing consciousness in water
• stop fishing and put your rod down immediately if there is a thunder storm 
• make sure you spot any power lines where you are planning to fish and take great care when near power lines – no fish is worth electrocution – and you need to be aware that you/your line do not need to touch a power line to be electrocuted – electricity can arc across a gap.

The other significant hazards are: 

The hook – it is sharp and often barbed so it does not fall out of the fish; it is hard to remove from our skin too. Fly casting is particularly dangerous as it involves moving the hook through the air near your head and body. If possible you should cast with your fly line downwind of your body to minimise the risks. Wearing a hat and glasses helps protect the vulnerable areas.
Weil’s disease (or leptospirosis) – this is a relatively rare but dangerous disease which is generally contracted through contact between broken skin and the urine of rats. You can find details on this website. Cover cuts/grazes when fishing and do the same if you cut or stab yourself while on the riverside.  Also be aware of the symptoms and if you exhibit them after fishing visit your doctor early, explaining that you think you are in a higher risk category having been fishing. According to the site mentioned earlier, “the infection is usually systemic (affecting the whole body) and causes a sudden fever. In mild cases it lasts a few days, following a pattern similar to flu but often in two phases - a period of illness lasting a few days, then a slight recovery, then a second period of illness. In mild cases the second phase lasts a short time and the patient recovers, but in severe types the illness develops and progresses rapidly, leading to organ failure and often death if not treated with intervention and support.”
Quick sand – please watch out for the warning signs below Groynes Pool – we specifically advise you not to wade there.
Fishing alone – please make sure that you let someone know where you are going and when you plan to return, if you are fishing alone.  It is also even more important not to take risks when you are alone, particularly as the mobile phone signal is often poor.  Please leave the river if you begin to feel unwell. 
Rock falls/land slides - there are some fragile cliffs along our waters (particularly the Rough, Scaur Wall and at the very bottom of the Grosmont stretch) – please take care, especially in very wet weather, as banks may collapse under you, or rocks might fall on you from above.

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